Restoring confidence in public statements by independently testing and verifying the facts
Are there more than 220,000 people queuing to become Australian citizens?
By Brian Kelly and Louise Evans
"Australia’s citizenship backlog is now the largest in our history with well over 220,000 people waiting to have their applications progressed."
Carla Wilshire, Migration Council of Australia chief executive, April 17, 2019.
The Migration Council of Australia claimed there were well over 220,000 people waiting for their Australian citizenship applications to be progressed, the highest figure ever. 
AAP FactCheck examined Ms Wilshire’s claim and found it to be mostly true.
The Migration Council of Australia is an independent, non-partisan, not-for-profit body which was established to enhance "the productive benefits of Australia’s migration and humanitarian programs".
The Department of Home Affairs is responsible for awarding Australian citizenship to migrants. The other means of bestowing citizenships is via descendancy or adoption.
AAP FactCheck asked Home Affairs to verify the number of citizenship applications it has on hand and historically, but it did not respond.
According to reported figures, Home Affairs had 236,694 citizenship applications "on hand" as of December 31, 2018.  This figure supports the Immigration Council’s claim there are more than 220,000 people waiting for their applications to be processed.
The Home Affairs website states the department aims to finalise 90 per cent of citizenship applications within 23 months of lodgement. 
In January, David Coleman, Minister for Immigration, Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs, said the approval rate had increased with an 83 per cent increase in applications finalised in the last six months of 2018 - almost 73,000 - compared with the same period 12 months before. 
In October 2018, Home Affairs said 45,500 citizenship applications were finalised between July and October 2018. 
It could not be ascertained whether more than 220,000 people waiting for their citizenship to be processed was the largest in Australian history as the Migration Council claimed.
Home Affairs figures going back to 2012 show a steady rise in the number of applications pending in the financial years from 2012/13 - 2017/18.
There was a backlog of 33,619 applications for 2012/13 and 27,037 for 2013/14, rising to 28,089 for 2014/15 and again to 57,106 for 2015/16 and 106,950 for 2016/17. By 2017/18 the backlog had more than doubled to 244,765. 
While Ms Wilshire is correct in her claim that the number of citizenships pending is higher than 220,000, AAP FactCheck could not verify if it was the highest figure ever in Australian history, as there were no figures available before 2012.
- Mostly True - Mostly accurate, but there is a minor error or problem.
1: ‘Regional migrants scheme a fantasy’, by Joe Kelly. The Australian, April 17, 2019: https://www.theaustralian.com.au/nation/politics/regional-migrants-scheme-a-fantasy/news-story/3df97352215b040430eea013be4bb530?from=htc_rss
2: 'More than 200,000 remain in citizenship limbo as waiting time exceeds two years', by Shamsher Kainth. SBS News, December 31, 2018: https://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/punjabi/en/article/2019/01/31/more-200000-remain-citizenship-limbo-waiting-time-exceeds-two-years
3: ‘Citizenship processing times’, Department of Home Affairs. March 18, 2019: https://immi.homeaffairs.gov.au/citizenship/citizenship-processing-times
4: ‘Strong growth in Australian citizenship’. Ministerial press release. January 25, 2019: https://minister.homeaffairs.gov.au/davidcoleman/Pages/Strong-growth-in-Australian-citizenship.aspx
5: 'Australian citizenship approvals double compared to last year', by Mosiqi Acharya, Shamsher Kainth. SBS News, December 6, 2018: https://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/punjabi/en/article/2018/12/06/australian-citizenship-approvals-double-compared-last-year
6: 'Citizenship frenzy after government sought to tighten rules', by Mark Schliebs. The Australian. January 25, 2019: https://www.theaustralian.com.au/nation/immigration/citizenship-frenzy-after-government-sought-to-tighten-rules/news-story/8e36bc642099b25787e4c4b42b999c9e
- First published April 17, 2019 17:35 AEST